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Jan 20 05 9:36 PM

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January 20th -



1902 - Kevin Barry, nationalist revolutionary and medical student, was born in Dublin.
http://www.thewildgeese.com/pages/forgten.html
http://www.geocities.com/wildirishhawaii/KBarry.htm


1916 - Secret negotiations resulted in alliance of the Irish Citizen Army with the Irish Republican Brotherhood.
http://www.freewebs.com/irishrepublicanarmy/1916uprising.htm


1961 - John F. Kennedy was inaugurated as president of the United States of America, becoming the first Irish Catholic to be elected to that office.


1973 - A car bomb exploded in Sackville Place, Dublin, killing one person and injuring 17 others. The person killed was Thomas Douglas (25). The car used in the bombing had been hijacked at Agnes Street, Belfast. No organisation claimed responsibility but the bomb was believed to have been planted by one of the Loyalist paramilitary organisations.
http://www.dublinmonaghanbombings.org/jan20.php


1974 - Desmond Mullan, a 33 year old civilian, was shot and killed while walking along Maple Gardens, Carrickfergus, County Antrim in a sectarian attack carried out by Loyalists.
A UDR man was shot and killed by the IRA near Aughnacloy, County Tyrone.


1975 - Kevin Coen, a 28 year old IRA Volunteer, was shot and killed by British soldiers operating in unmarked cars during attempted hijacking of bus, Kinawley, County Fermanagh.


1981 - A British soldier was shot by an IRA sniper while in a British Army observation post overlooking the Bogside, Derry.
Maurice Gilvarry, a member of the IRA, was found shot dead near Jonesborough, County Armagh. He had been killed based on the conclusion that he had acted as an informer.


1984 - A UDR man was shot and killed by the INLA in Dunmurry, near Belfast, County Antrim.


1987 - When John O'Reilly, chief of staff of the INLA, and Thomas "Ta" Power, an INLA staff officer, were shot dead by members of the IPLO in Drogheda, County Louth, a feud between the two organisations escalated into violence. The feud continued until 26 March 1987 with a final death toll of 11.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/One_Ireland/message/11224
http://www.irsm.org/fallen/oreilly/
http://www.irsm.org/fallen/power/ta_power.html
The case of the 'Birmingham Six' was referred to the Court of Appeal by Douglas Hurd, then British Home Secretary.
http://www.innocent.org.uk/cases/birmingham6/


1997 - A Catholic family escaped injury when a bomb exploded under their van in Larne. No group claimed responsibility but the incident was believed to be the work of the LVF.
There was an attack on the Mountpottinger RUC station in Short Strand, Belfast. Two 'coffee jar bombs' were thrown at the station but there were no injuries. The attack was believed to have been carried out by the PIRA.





Sources include:
http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/
http://www.irishcultureandcustoms.com/
http://www.thewildgeese.com/
http://larkspirit.com/history/chronology.html
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#1 [url]

Jan 21 05 9:33 PM

This Date - January 21st

January 21st -



1600 - Charles Blount, 8th Lord Mountjoy, became Lord Deputy of Ireland.
http://www.iol.ie/resource/ga/archive/1995/Dec28/annivp.html


1793 - Louis XVI was executed in Paris; he was attended by an Irish priest, Fr. Edgeworth. Lord Edward FitzGerald was the only member of the Irish parliament not to appear in mourning following the execution.
http://republican-news.org/archive/1998/May21/21hist.html


1876 - James Larkin, organizer of Irish Transport and General Workers' Union and socialist politician, was born in Liverpool.
http://www.thewildgeese.com/pages/dates.html#larkin
http://www.iol.ie/arena/webpages/larkin/


1919- Daíl Éireann, chaired by Sean T. O’Kelly met for the very first time at Mansion House in Dublin.
http://www.irelandsown.net/firstdail.html


1919 - Two members of Royal Irish Constabulary were shot dead by Irish Volunteers including Seán Treacy and Dan Breen in an ambush at Soloheadbeg, Co. Tipperary. This is frequently regarded as the first incident in the 'War of Independence' (Anglo-Irish War).
http://republican-news.org/archive/1999/January21/21hist.html
http://www.searcs-web.com/breen.html
http://www.thewildgeese.com/pages/forgten7.html


1975 - There was a series of bomb explosions in Belfast in attacks carried out by the IRA. Two IRA Volunteers, 26 year old John Kelly and 23 year old John Stone, were killed when a bomb they were transporting by car exploded in Victoria Street, Belfast.
http://republican-news.org/archive/1998/January20/22ndil.html


1982 - Owen Carron and Danny Morrison, then both members of Sinn Féin, were arrested when they tried to illegally enter the United States from Canada. Both men were later deported back to Canada.
http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/events/aia/wilson95.htm#chap9


1997 - Former INLA Volunteer and IRSP member Hessy Phelan was murdered in New York City by an off-duty NYPD officer. Phelan had moved to New York to get away from the conflict in the North of Ireland.
http://www.irsm.org/fallen/phelan/


1998 - Benedict Hughes, a 55 year old civilian, was shot dead in south Belfast by Loyalists. The attack was sectarian in nature.


2002 - As they moved into Commons offices, Gerry Adams vowed Provisional Sinn Féin MPs will never sit in the British parliament.



Also on this date:

1924 - V.I. Lenin dies.
1968 - The Battle for Khe Sahn begins




Sources:
http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/
http://www.anphoblacht.com/
http://www.thewildgeese.com/
http://www.irishcultureandcustoms.com/

as well as the links provided above, and to Danielle Ni Dhighe for the info on Hessy Phelan.

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#2 [url]

Jan 30 05 8:43 AM

This Date in Irish History - January 30th

January 30th -



1845 - Birth of Kitty O'Shea, mistress and later, the
wife of Charles Stewart Parnell.
http://www.themodernword.com/joyce/joyce_paper_arndt.html


1859 - Edward Martyn, playwright, co-founder of Irish
Literary Theatre, and Sinn Féin president, was born in
Tulira, Co. Galway.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Martyn


1920 - Tomás MacCurtain was elected Lord Mayor of Cork
for Sinn Féin.
http://www.dhoun.utvinternet.com/Timeline/MacCurtain.htm
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~bwickham/maccurtain.htm


1947 - Jim Larkin, Irish labor leader, died.
http://www.iol.ie/arena/webpages/larkin/
http://www.pearsecom.com/Ireland/anniversaries/January%2030th%2C%201947%20-%20Death%20of%20Jim%20Larkin.htm


1972 - Bloody Sunday. The British Army kills 13
anti-internment civil rights demonstrators and injures
another 14 in the Bogside district of Derry. One of
the injured marchers later dies of his injuries.
The Murder Victims:
Jack Duddy, 17
Paddy Doherty, 31
Gerard Donaghy, 17
Hugh Gilmore, 17
John Johnston, 59
Michael Kelly, 17
Michael McDaid, 20
Kevin McElhinney, 17
Bernard McGuigan, 41
Gerard McKinney, 35
William McKinney, 26
William Nash, 19
Jim Wray, 22
John Young, 17

http://www.bloodysundaytrust.org/
http://larkspirit.com/bloodysunday/
http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/events/bsunday/bs.htm


1973 - A 14 year old Catholic boy, Philip Rafferty,
was abducted and killed by Loyalists in Belfast.
A member of the UDA was shot and killed by an IRA
Volunteer in Belfast.


1984 - Mark Marron, a 23 year old Catholic civilian,
was shot dead by the British Army on Springfield Road,
Belfast.


1992 - Charles Haughey announced his resignation as
both Taoiseach and leader of Fianna Fáil. Haughey's
resignation followed the re-emergence of allegations
about phone-tapping in 1982.


1996 - Gino Gallagher, Chief of Staff of the INLA and
National Organiser of the IRSP, was shot dead by in a
Social Security Office in the Falls Road, Belfast.
This killing was to mark the beginning of another feud
within the INLA which continued until 3 September
1996.
http://www.irsm.org/fallen/gallagher/
http://www.morrigan.net/irsm/gallagher-oration.htm

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#3 [url]

Jan 30 05 3:10 PM

Re: This Date in Irish History

Fitz wrote:
January 20th -

1763 - Birth of Theobald Wolfe Tone, founder of the United Irishmen.


I always thought his birthday was June.

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#4 [url]

Jan 30 05 6:32 PM

Re: This Date in Irish History

Máirtín wrote:
Fitz wrote:
January 20th -

1763 - Birth of Theobald Wolfe Tone, founder of the United Irishmen.


I always thought his birthday was June.


You're right. It's June 20th, not Jan. 20th.
In my defence, I was going from notes I took a couple of years ago, and I have found quite a few websites who have his birthday listed as January 20th, including
http://www.irishcultureandcustoms.com/02Hist/1January3.html
http://www.alphalink.com.au/~datatree/wolf%2024.htm
http://www.britannica.com/eb/article?tocId=9072860 figures
http://www.historic-uk.com/HistoryUK/JanBirthdays.htm
I imagine I took my notes based on bad info I got on the web - probably from IrishCultureAndCustoms.com. I'll make sure to correct it.

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#5 [url]

Feb 1 05 11:04 PM

This Date in Irish History - February 1st

February 1st -


1796 - Theobald Wolf Tone, United Irish leader,
arrives in France seeking assistance.
http://free.freespeech.org/republicansf/1798/tone5.htm


1815 - Daniel O'Connell, having killed Norcot
d'Esterre in a duel fought on this date, repudiates
violence.
http://www.rte.ie/culture/millennia/people/oconnelldaniel.html


1878 - Thomas MacDonagh, patriot, poet, critic,
scholar, signatory of the Proclamation of the
Republic, and 1916 martyr, is born in Cloughjordan,
Co. Tipperary.
http://www.geocities.com/thefoggydew1916/macdonag.htm
http://www.pearsecom.com/Ireland/anniversaries/February%201st%2C%201878%20-%20Bi\
rth%20Of%20Thomas%20MacDonagh.htm


1972 - The British Ministry of Defence issued a
detailed account of the British Army's version of
events during 'Bloody Sunday' which stated that:
"Throughout the fighting that ensued, the Army fired
only at identified targets - at attacking gunmen and
bombers. At all times the soldiers obeyed their
standing instructions to fire only in self-defence or
in defence of others threatened."
British Prime Minister Edward Heath announced the
appointment of Lord Widgery to undertake an inquiry
into the Bloody Sunday murders.
An IRA sniper shot and killed a British soldier while
he was leaving Hastings Street RUC/British Army base,
Lower Falls, Belfast.
Harold Wilson, then leader of the Labour Party, said
that a United Ireland was the only solution to the
conflict in the North.


1973 - Patrick Heenan (50), a Catholic civilian, was
killed when a grenade was tossed by the UFF (a
covername used by the UDA) onto a bus.
A British soldier was killed by an IRA sniper at a
Vehicle Check Point on Meeting House Street, Strabane,
County Tyrone.


1991 - Gerry Adams described rumours of a possible
PIRA ceasefire as being "unfounded speculation".


1994 - The Ulster Volunteer Force carried out a bomb
attack on the home of a Catholic family in Portadown,
County Armagh. An RUC officer was injured in the
explosion.
There was an PIRA mortar attack on a British Army
observation post at Cloghoge, County Armagh.




Sources include:
http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/
http://www.irishcultureandcustoms.com/
http://www.thewildgeese.com/

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#6 [url]

Feb 2 05 7:12 AM

This Date in Irish History - February 2nd

February 2nd -



1882 - Birth of James Joyce in Dublin.
http://www.jamesjoyce.ie/home/


1882 - Birth of James Stephens, poet and novelist, in
Dublin.
http://www.sacred-texts.com/neu/celt/ift/


1918 - Death of former heavyweight champion John L.
Sullivan.
http://www.hoganstand.com/general/identity/geese/stories/sullivan.htm


1922 - James Joyce's "Ulysses" published in Paris - on
his birthday.
http://botheration.org/ulysses/index.html?pg=1


1972 - The funerals of 11 of the dead of 'Bloody
Sunday' (30 January 1972) took place in the Creggan
area of Derry. Tens of thousands attended the funeral
including clergy, politicians from North and South,
and thousands of friends and neighbours. Throughout
the rest of Ireland prayer services were held to
coincide with the time of the funerals. In Dublin over
90 per cent of workers stopped work in respect of
those who had died, and approximately 30,000 - 100,000
people turned out to march to the British Embassy.
They carried 13 coffins and black flags. Later a crowd
attacked the Embassy with stones and bottles, then
petrol bombs, and the building was burnt to the
ground.
http://www.socialistworker.co.uk/1785/sw178515.htm
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/february/2/newsid_2758000/27581\
63.stm
Thomas McIllroy, an innocent civilian, was shot and
killed by a British Army sniper from Henry Taggart
British Army base, while in Divismore Park,
Ballymurphy, Belfast.


1973 - A UDR man was shot and killed by the IRA on
Oldpark Road, Belfast.
Patrick Brady, a 28 year old civilian, was shot and
killed by Loyalists and left in an abandoned car on
Maurice Street, off Springfield Road, Belfast.


1980 - William McAteer, a 40 year old civilian, was
shot and killed while walking along Rugby Avenue, off
Ormeau Road, Belfast. The UVF were responsible for the
sectarian murder.


1983 - INLA Volunteer Eugene McMonagle, 24, was shot
and killed by an undercover member of the SAS in a
shoot-to-kill operation in Leafair Park, Shantallow,
Derry. He was unarmed.
http://www.irsm.org/fallen/mcmonagle/
http://www.teachnafailte.org/mcmonagle.htm
(Thanks to Danielle for providing links - once again.)


1992 - Padraig O'Cleirigh, a 52 year old civilian, was
shot and killed in his home in Rosemount Gardens, off
Antrim Road, Belfast. The sectarian murder was
committed by the UFF, a covername used by the UDA.
http://www.relativesforjustice.com/publications/costofaliving.htm


1993 - Eugene Martin, a 28 year old civilian, was shot
dead by the UVF at his home in Ballyronan, County
Derry.
Two incendiary bombs were planted outside the homes of
two SDLP councillors. The Ulster Defence Association
was responsible for the attacks.


2001 - Components for 11 pipe-bombs were uncovered in
Larne, County Antrim, following a search of derelict
houses in the predominantly Protestant Antiville
estate. The discovery was described as a
"manufacturing base" in the town that was the scene of
numerous sectarian attacks in previous months.

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#7 [url]

Feb 4 05 8:14 AM

This Date in Irish History - February 4th

February 4th -



1775 - Birth of Robert Emmett, Irish patriot,
revolutionary, and martyr. Emmet, a member of the
United Irishmen, led the 1803 rebellion. On 19 Sept.,
in Dublin, he was tried for treason and was hanged and
beheaded the following day. His speech from the dock
is one of the best-known and most stirring ever made.
http://www.robertemmet.org/
http://www.emmet1798.net/
http://www.celticcousins.net/paloalto/emmetstatue.htm - I love this story.


1868 - Birth of Irish patriot and revolutionary,
Countess Constance Markievicz, née Gore-Booth.
Markievicz was the founder of the nationalist scouting
movement Na Fianna Éireann (in 1909), a Sinn Féin
member, and the first woman elected (in 191 to the
House of Commons where, following Sinn Féin's
abstentionist principle, she refused to take her seat.
http://www.fiannaeireann.com/pages/1909.htm
http://www.thewildgeese.com/pages/ireland.html
http://www.geocities.com/pettigolass/countess.html


1973 - The body of John Boyd, a 33 year old civilian,
was found shot by the side of Connswater River, off
Severn Street, Belfast. The murder was committed by
Loyalists.
Seamus Gilmore, and 18 year old civilian, was shot at
his workplace, Mount Pleasant Filling Station, on
Ballysillan Road, Belfast. The attack was sectarian in
nature and carried out by the UVF.


1974 - The Irish Republican Army planted a time-bomb
(estimated at between 20 and 25 pounds) on a coach
carrying British soldiers. The bomb exploded shortly
after midnight as the coach travelled along the M62 in
England. Eight British soldiers, and unfortunately
three civilians, were killed at the scene. A ninth
soldier died a few days later. Judith Ward was later
convicted of causing the explosion and given a
sentence of 30 years. It wasn't until 1992 that her
convictions were quashed and she was released.


1977 - The police in England uncover an IRA 'bomb
factory' in Liverpool.


1992 - An off-duty RUC officer, Allen Moore, walked
into the Falls Road office of Provisional Sinn Féin
and shot dead three Catholic civilians. Moore drove
away from the scene and later shot himself. Two of
those killed were PSF members Paddy Loughran, 61, and
Pat McBride, 40. the third was 24 year old Michael
O'Dwyer.
http://republican-news.org/archive/2003/February06/06seva.html
http://republican-news.org/archive/1999/September30/30patt.html



In addition to the links provided above, sources
include:
http://www.fiannaeireann.com./
http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/
http://www.thewildgeese.com/
http://www.irishcultureandcustoms.com/
http://www.RobertEmmet.org/

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#8 [url]

Feb 8 05 2:19 PM

These next two posts are a few days late. Sorry:

This time 23 years ago:

On Friday, February 6th, 1981, the IRA, after promises to hinder British ship movement off the Irish coast, bombed and sank a British coal boat: the Nellie M. The thousand pound merchant vessel was located in Lough Foyle, between the coasts of Co. Derry and Donegal.

A dozen armed IRA Volunteers arrived at the docks in the fishing village of Moville and comandeered a pilot boat. The man in the pilot house was instructed to take seven of the volunteers with tons of explosives out to the coal boat, while the other five kept guard back on the docks.

Once aboard the Nellie M, the IRA instructed the chief engineer of the ship that they were not fooling around. Knowing the situation was serious, the man agreed to cooperate and went down to the crew quarters to inform the sailors of the situation. The captain would later comment on the professionalism and understanding of the Volunteers.

Three Volunteers took to planting bombs while the remaining four kept watch on the crew. Bombs were planted in pre-planned points in the engine room. The crew were then instructed to don lifejackets and board the Nellie M's life boat. The Volunteers attached a rope to the life boat and towed it using the commandeered pilot boat. When they were near shore, the life boat was set loose. Around this time, the explosions on the ship rocked the water.

Fires broke out on the deck of the ship, and they could be seen for miles around up and down the Donegal coast of Lough Foyle. The second blast was set for a few hours later, and went off as planned, finally bring water into the ship. By morning, the back half of the ship was submerged. Left on the boat was a warning that future merchant ships would meet the same fate, though towards the crews there was no malice.

The Nellie M was valued at 3 million pounds while its cargo of coal constituted another million sterling. The outrage amongst Brits and Free Staters was immediate and the suggestion of armed guards on shipments from the "North" to Britain was exactly the effect the IRA hope for. It was another step in breaking the British policy of "normalisation."

If you don't stand for something you will fall for anything. - Malcolm X


http://tiocfaidharlaa.blogspot.com/

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#9 [url]

Feb 8 05 2:19 PM

Attempt on the British War Cabinet, 1991

The IRA made an attempt to take out the entire British War Cabinet in February 7th, 1991. With a salvo of improvised mortar bombs fired from a lorry, the Provisional IRA nearly took out the most important and high profile members of the British government in a single attack. This attacks' potential directly matches that of the Brighton bombing nearly 7 years earlier. It was daring and well-planned but fell upon bad luck.

Two of the three mortars fired came dangerously close to striking their target. One mortar hit a tree right in front of the building. Had this tree not been in the way, the mortar would have scored a direct hit on the government building. The second mortar struck the back garden of 10 Downing St. leaving a 2 metre crater and spraying shards of window glass onto the Cabinet members. The mortars were apparently miscalibrated by less than 10 degrees.

Training in mortar calibration and construction, and other related things needs to be elaborated upon. This took months to acheive acceptable levels of expertise for the active service unit. Therefore, the planning for the operation pre-dated both John Major's stint in office and the first Gulf War.

The Provisional IRA statement regarding the attack included the following: "Whether the Gulf War goes on for weeks or years, let the British government understand that, while nationalist people in the Six Counties are forced to live under British rule, the British cabinet will be forced to meet in bunkers."

The Provos had missed wiping out the entire British governmental elite by less then 15 metres. The headlines of the brilliant attempt dominated the news for the week. This attack helped to seal the thoughts in the minds of many British politicians that they would eventually have to deal with the Provos at the negotiating table.

If you don't stand for something you will fall for anything. - Malcolm X


http://tiocfaidharlaa.blogspot.com/

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#10 [url]

Feb 9 05 9:51 AM

February 9th -

February 9th -



1854 - Edward Carson, opponent of Home Rule and
founder of the Ulster Volunteer Force, was born.
http://republican-news.org/archive/1997/November06/06book.html


1903 - The death in Nice, France of Charles Gavan
Duffy, the first editor and proprietor of The Nation
newspaper.
http://www.from-ireland.net/history/cgduffynote.htm


1923 - The birth in Dublin of playwright and IRA
Volunteer Brendan Behan.
http://www.searcs-web.com/behan.html
http://www.mikis-theodorakis.net/hostpoem.html


1932 - The formation of the Army Comrades Association;
later to be called the National Guard and nicknamed
the 'Blueshirts'.
http://irelandsown.net/oduffy.html


1974 - Two Catholic civilians, Anthony O'Connor and
Hugh Duffy, were shot dead at O'Kane's Bar, Grosvenor
Road, Belfast, by Loyalist paramilitaries.


1975 - Two Catholic civilians, Kevin Ballantine and
Gerard Kiely, both aged 19, were shot dead by Loyalist
paramilitaries as they left St Brigit's Catholic
Church, Malone, Belfast.
The Irish Republican Army announced that it was
reinstating its ceasefire for an indefinite period as
of 6pm on 10 February 1975.


1976 - Two Protestant civilians, Archibald Hanna and
Raymond Carlisle, were shot dead by the Ulster
Volunteer Force in the Shankill area of Belfast. It
was believed that the two men were mistaken for
Catholics.


1989 - Anthony Fusco, a civilian, was shot on West
Street, Smithfield, Belfast while walking to work. The
sectarian attack was carried out by the UVF.


1993 - A British soldier was killed by the PIRA when a
remote controlled bomb hidden in wall detonated when a
British Army foot patrol passed on Cathedral Road,
Armagh.


1994 - Amnesty International published a report which
claimed that there was "mounting evidence" of
collusion between the security forces and Loyalist
paramilitaries. The RUC said that the claims were
"utter nonsense".
http://www.amnestyusa.org/countries/united_kingdom/document.do?id=BC02DED98184FE\
BB802569A60060440A


1996 - The Provos exploded a large bomb at South Quay
in the Docklands area of London. The lorry bomb killed
two people, injured many more, caused millions of
pounds worth of damage, and marked the end of the IRA
ceasefire after 17 months and 9 days. A statement had
been issued by the IRA one hour before the explosion
occurred at 7.01pm:
http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/events/peace/docs/ira9296.htm

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#11 [url]

Feb 10 05 1:09 PM

February 10th -

February 10th -



1844 - Daniel O'Connell was convicted of "conspiracy,"
fined and sentenced to 12 months in prison.
http://www.clarelibrary.ie/eolas/coclare/people/daniel.htm


1889 - Richard Piggott is exposed as forger of 'Times'
Phoenix Park letters.
http://www.fact-index.com/c/ch/charles_stewart_parnell.html
http://lark.phoblacht.net/shadowgunman.html


1972 - IRA Volunteer Joseph Cunningham, 26, was killed
by the RUC during a gun battle on O'Neill's Road,
Newtownabbey, County Antrim.
http://www.relativesforjustice.com/victims/victims_state_a_e.htm
Two British soldiers were killed in an IRA landmine
attack on a British Army mobile patrol in Cullyhanna,
County Armagh.


1973 - Two Irish Republican Army Volunteers, 17 year
old Vivienne Fitzsimmons and 23 year old Leonard
O'Hanlon, were killed in a premature explosion near
Strangford, County Down.


1975 - Two Catholic civilians, Arthur Mulholland and
Eugene Doyle, were shot dead by Loyalist
paramilitaries in a gun attack on Hayden's Bar, near
Pomeroy, County Tyrone. The attack has been claimed by
former RUC reservist and Loyalist James Mitchell from
the Markethill area of South Armagh. Mitchell is a
suspect in countless sectarian attacks, mostly carried
out in pubs, and is also a suspect in the Dublin and
Monaghan bombings.
http://www.burnsmoley.com/pages/collusion/barron.php
http://www.seeingred.com/Copy/2.1_CODE_weiraff.html
The renewed IRA ceasefire began, lasting until 23
January 1976.


1977 - IRA Volunteers Martin O'Connell, Edward Butler,
Harry Duggan and Hugh Doherty, who were captured at
the end of the Balcombe Street siege in London
(beginning on 6 December 1975 and ending six days
later) were convicted of six murders.
http://www.searcs-web.com/oconn9.html
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/december/12/newsid_2546000/2546\
477.stm


1980 - Nine year old Hugh Maguire was killed during
street fighting on the Springfield Road, Belfast,
between nationalists and the British Army.


1981 - A UDR man was shot and killed by the IRA in
Derry.


1992 - The British government sent an extra battalion
of British Army troops to the Occupied Six Counties.


1994 - Dominic McGlinchey, former Chief of Staff of
the INLA, was shot dead by three unknown gunmen while
at public telephone kiosk, Hardmans Gardens, Drogheda.
No one has claimed responsibility to date. McGlinchey
had previously been the target of a UVF assassination
attempt.
http://www.irsm.org/fallen/mcglinchey/dominic.html
http://www.irsm.org/fallen/mcglinchey/page2.html
http://www.irelandsown.net/mcglinchey.html


1997 - The PIRA left a large bomb on the outskirts of
Strabane, County Tyrone. The bomb was defused by the
British Army.


1998 - It was feared that a new wave of tit-for-tat
sectarian terror would hit the North after the murder
of Robert Dougan, a leading member of the UDA, outside
Balmoral textile company near Belfast.
Allegations that PIRA members were behind the murder
of top Belfast drugs dealer Brendan Campbell caused
fear in the Provisional Movement that it could lead to
PSF's expulsion from the Stormont talks.
http://republican-news.org/archive/1998/August13/13edit.html
http://www.nuzhound.com/articles/mal2-15.htm
Suspected LVF leader, Mark "Swinger" Fulton, survived
a murder attempt in Portadown, Co. Armagh. Fulton
blamed the UVF for the attack. This claim was denied
by David Ervine, leader of the PUP.
http://www.serve.com/pfc/brown/040119in.html
http://republican-news.org/archive/2002/June13/13pola.html


2001 - There was a pipe-bomb attack on a Catholic home
in Derry. A couple and their two nieces, aged five and
three, escaped injury when the device was thrown
through the kitchen window of their home in the
Waterside area. It exploded, causing minor damage to
the house. The attack was carried out by Loyalist
paramilitaries.


2002 - Pupils from the Holy Cross Girls' Primary
School in Ardoyne, north Belfast, travelled to County
Galway to begin a holiday as guests of Pea*Expletive Deleted*'s
Hotel. The management of the hotel had made the offer
of the holiday following incidents during 2001 when
the schoolgirls were terrorised by Loyalist thugs.
http://www.keltiad.net/holy_cross.html

2003 - A Republican bomb attack on Stewartstown PSNI
Station in Enniskillen, Co. Tyrone caused minor
injuries to six PSNI officers. The Continuity IRA
claimed responsibility. The CIRA warned it would
continue to target police and British soldiers and
advised civilians to stay clear of them.
http://www.rte.ie/news/2003/0211/north.html
http://www.iol.ie/~saoirse/current/10.html




Sources include:
http://www.iol.ie/~saoirse/
http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/
http://www.thewildgeese.com/
http://www.anphoblacht.com/
http://www.relativesforjustice.com/index.html
http://www.irishcultureandcustoms.com/
amongst others.
If anyone notices any mistakes or significant
omissions in any of these, or has any recommendations
as to sources that would be useful in putting these
together, please let me know.
Thanks.

Quote    Reply   

#12 [url]

Feb 12 05 6:16 AM

This Date - February 12th

February 12th -



1795 - Grattan introduced a Catholic relief bill in
House of Commons.


1848 - John Mitchel published the first issue of
"United Irishman".
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Mitchel
http://www.irelandseye.com/aarticles/history/people/whoswho/mitchel.shtm


1974 - The IRA exploded a bomb at the National Defence
College at Latimer, Buckinghamshire, England. The bomb
(estimated at 20 pounds) killed none but injured 10
people.

Peter Carty, a 57 year old civilian, was murdered by
the UDA at his workplace, Balmoral Service Station, on
Lisburn Road, Belfast. The killing was sectarian in
nature.


1976 - IRA Volunteer Frank Stagg died after 62 days on
hunger strike in Wakefield Prison, Yorkshire, England.
Stagg, who served with distinction in both the War of
Independence and the Civil War, was arrested in
Coventry in 1973 and given a 10 year sentence. In
March 1974, while in Parkhurst Prison, he and Michael
Gaughan joined the hunger strike begun by the Price
sisters, Hugh Feeney and Gerry Kelly demanding
repatriation to Ireland. All suffered the horrific
ordeal of forced feeding. Stagg continued for 70 days.
Gaugham died as a result of force feeding. After
Gaugan's death, the other hunger strikers were
promised transfers to Irish prisons. The British
reneged on the promise. At the end of 1975, Stagg
began his fourth hunger strike in two years. He passed
away after 62 days. His final wish was “to be buried
next to my Republican colleagues and my comrade,
Michael Gaughan.” Following Stagg’s death, the British
security forces hijacked his body and buried him in
Ballina cemetary, covering the hasty burial over with
concrete and placing a 24-hour guard to prevent his
family and his comrades from retrieving his body. Nine
months later, a party of Republicans tunneled into the
concrete under cover of darkness and at last brought
him home to rest, as he had wished, amongst his
comrades, and beside his fellow hunger striker,
Michael Gaughan.
http://irelandsown.net/stagg.html
http://www.inac.org/irishpows/hungerstrikes/chapter12.html
http://ireland.yi.org/Frank_Stagg.html

Fian James O'Neill died from burns received during an arson attack on a furniture warehouse on Antrim Road, New Lodge, Belfast.

An RUC man was shot and killed by the IRA while on
foot patrol in Claudy, County Derry.


1977 - An RUC man was shot and killed by the IRA in
Cloughmills, County Antrim.


1989 - Patrick Finucane was shot dead by members of
the UFF (a cover name used by the UDA). Finucane was a
Belfast solicitor who had represented a number of
Republicans, including Bobby Sands (and some Loyalists
as well). He was killed at his home on Fortwilliam
Drive, off Antrim Road, Belfast, in front of his
family. The shooting followed comments made (on 17
January 1989) by Douglas Hogg, then a British Home
Office Minister, about a "number of solicitors in
Northern Ireland who are unduly sympathetic to the
cause of the IRA". The murder was the result of
collusion between Loyalist paramilitaries and the
security forces. On 17 April 1999 John Stevens, then
deputy commissioner of the Metropolitan Police,
returned to the Six Counties to launch a third Inquiry
specifically into the killing of Finucane. He also
began to investigate allegations raised by campaign
group British-Irish Rights Watch and the United
Nations. Stevens' third report was presented to the
PSNI on 17 April 2003. The report concluded that there
had been collusion in the killing of Finucane between
members of the security forces, especially the Force
Research Unit (FRU), and Loyalists. In 2004. Loyalist
Ken Barrett was charged with Finucane's murder.
http://www.serve.com/pfc/#murderpf
http://www.amnesty.org.uk/news/press/15935.shtml
http://www.birw.org/justice.html


1994 - The UDA/UFF carried out rocket attack on
Provisional Sinn Féin's offices in west Belfast.


1997 - The PIRA shot dead a British soldier at an Army
checkpoint in Bessbrook, County Armagh. Stephen
Restorick is, to date, the last British soldier to
have been killed in action in the North.


2002 - The Lawyers Committee for Human Rights, a group
based in America, published a report in to the killing
of Pat Finucane. The report was entitled: 'Beyond
Collusion: The UK Security Forces and the Murder of
Pat Finucane''. The report repeated earlier
allegations of collusion between security forces and
Loyalist paramilitary groups and also claimed to have
found new evidence to support the claims.
http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/issues/police/docs/lchr130202.pdf


2003 - Belfast city centre was hit by bomb scares that
started around 5pm; traffic was also hit and Royal
Avenue was closed for a time. It was unclear who
carried out the hoax calls. No claim of responsibility
was been made.

According to a statement which appeared in the Belfast
Irish News, the Continuity IRA said they were
responsible for the attack on the Stewartstown PSNI
station in Enniskillen. The statement said that such
attacks would continue and that district councils
should not provide services to British police and army
bases. It also said that threats from Free State
ministers would not “deter us from our objective,
which remains the removal of the British”.





Sources include:
http://www.iol.ie/~saoirse/
http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/
http://www.serve.com/pfc/
http://irelandsown.net/
http://www.britcollusion.cjb.net/
http://www.thewildgeese.com/
http://larkspirit.com/hungerstrikes/forgotten_strikes.html
http://larkspirit.com/history/chronology.html

Quote    Reply   

#13 [url]

Feb 20 05 1:54 PM

This Date - February 20th

February 20th -



1794 - Birth near Clogher, Co. Tyrone of William
Carleton, one of the most graphic writers about the
Great Hunger (An Gorta Mór). He is best known for his
"Traits and Stories of the Irish Peasantry".


1973 - Two members of the British Army were shot dead
by IRA snipers in an attack on a British Army mobile
patrol on Cupar Street, Belfast.


1975 - Hugh Ferguson, 19, chairman of the Whiterock
IRSP and INLA Volunteer, was shot in Ballymurphy,
Belfast by the OIRA. This incident kicked off a series
of attacks by OIRA on the newly-formed Irish
Republican Socialist Movement.
http://www.irsm.org/fallen/ferguson/
http://www.teachnafailte.org/hughx2.htm

Gerald McKeown, a 20 year old civilian, was killed by
a loyalist bomb attack on Railway Bar on Shore Road in
Greencastle, Belfast.


1979 - A group of 11 Loyalists known as the 'Shankill
butchers' were sentenced to life imprisonment for 112
offences including 19 murders. The 11 men were given
42 life sentences and received 2,000 years
imprisonment in total, in the form of concurrent
sentences. The Shankill Butchers had begun killing
Catholics in July 1972 and were not arrested until May
1977. The sectarian Loyalist gang operated out of a
number of Ulster Volunteer Force drinking dens in the
Shankill Road area of Belfast. The gang was initially
led by Lenny Murphy but it continued to operate
following his imprisonment in 1976. The Shankill
Butchers got their name because not only did they kill
Catholics but they first abducted many of their
victims, tortured them, mutilated them with butcher
knives and axes, and then finally killed them.
http://www.crimelibrary.com/terrorists%5Fspies/terrorists/shankill%5Fbutchers/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shankill_Butchers


1983 - An RUC man was shot and killed by the IRA
outside Warrenpoint RUC base in County Down.


1989 - The PIRA exploded three bombs at the British
Army barracks at Tern Hill, Shropshire, England. A
sentry spotted two men acting suspicious and the
barracks was evacuated shortly before the bombs
detonated. The Volunteers fled amid gunfire from the
sentry, stole a car, and escaped.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/mediaselector/check/media/video/otdvideo/89/02/20/8647_20-02-89?size=4x3&bgc=6699CC&nbram=1&nbram=1&bbram=1&news=1


1998 - The (Continuity) Irish Republican Army exploded
a large car bomb, estimated at 500 pounds, outside the
RUC station in the centre of Moira, County Down.
Eleven people, mostly RUC officers, received slight
injuries in the explosion.

Quote    Reply   

#14 [url]

Feb 25 05 7:33 PM

This Date - February 25th

February 25th -


1852 - Death of Thomas Moore, popular poet and editor
of Irish Melodies.
http://www.poemhunter.com/thomas-moore/poet-6666


1891 - Edward "Ned" Daly, one of the leaders of the
Easter Rising, was born in Limerick.
http://indigo.ie/~1916/pic_ed_daly.html
http://irelandsown.net/daly2.html


1928 - Death of William O�Brien, architect of agrarian
land reform.
http://www.searcs-web.com/obrien2.html


1972 - There was an attempted assassination of John
Taylor, then "Minister of State for Home Affairs", who
was shot a number of times. The OIRA later claimed
responsibility.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/1144830.stm


1975 - Sean Fox, an OIRA Volunteer, was shot and
killed by the People's Liberation Army (an umbrella
group of INLA and PIRA Volunteers who joined to defend
the IRSM against OIRA attacks) while walking along
Cullingtree Row in Divis Flats, Belfast.

David McConkey, a civilian, was shot and killed at his
workplace, Fisher Metal Fabrications, on Boucher Road
in Belfast. The sectarian murder was committed by
Loyalists.


1978 - Gerry Adams, then Vice-President of Sinn F�in,
was charged with membership of the IRA. On 6 September
1978 Adams was freed when the Judge hearing the case
ruled that there was insufficient evidence to prove
the charges.


1983 - A UDA man was shot and killed by the IRA in
Ballygawley, County Tyrone.


1991 - An announcement by the Director of Public
Prosecution, Alan Green, says the convictions of the
Birmingham Six can no longer be considered safe and
satisfactory. Hugh Callaghan, Patrick Hill, Gerard
Hunter, Richard McIlkenny, William Power and John
Walker were all jailed in 1975 for an IRA attack on
two pubs in Birmingham in November 1974.
http://www.innocent.org.uk/cases/birmingham6/


1993 - An RUC man was shot and killed by a PIRA sniper
while on British Army/ RUC foot patrol on
Castleblayney Road in Crossmaglen, County Armagh.

Quote    Reply   

#15 [url]

Feb 28 05 7:35 AM

This Date - Feb 28th and 29th

February 28th -



1884 - Birth in Kiltycolgher, Co. Leitrim of Seán
MacDiarmada, revolutionary, key figure in the Irish
Republican Brotherhood, founding member of the Irish
Volunteers, and signatory of the Proclamation of the
Republic.
http://indigo.ie/~1916/pic_mcdiarm.html
http://www.pearsecom.com/Ireland/anniversaries/February%2028th%201884%20birth%20anniversary%20of%20Sean%20Mac%20Diarmada.htm


1971 - A British soldier was killed in the Bogside
when his Armoured Personnel Carrier came under petrol
bomb attack. He died from inhaling fumes from a fire
extinguisher.


1973 - 12 year old Kevin Heatley was shot and killed
by British soldiers near his home in Derrybeg, Newry,
County Down.
http://www.relativesforjustice.com/victims/kevin_heatley.htm

A British soldier was shot and killed by the IRA while
on foot patrol on the Crumlin Road in Ardoyne,
Belfast.


1974 - Hugh Harvey, a 33 year old civilian, was killed
in a UVF bomb attack on Red Star Bar in Donegall Quay,
Belfast.


1976 - Harold Blair, an electricity meter reader, was
killed when he accidentally tripped a booby-trap bomb
left in a derelict house in Stranmillis, Belfast.


1978 - An RUC man was shot and killed during an IRA
sniper attack on RUC mobile patrol at the junction of
Clarendon Street and Francis Street in Rosemount,
Derry.


1985 - The Irish Republican Army carried out an attack
with homemade mortars on the Royal Ulster Constabulary
station in Newry, County Down, killing nine RUC
officers. This incident represented the greatest loss
of life for the RUC in a single incident. The number
of deaths was high because most of those killed were
inside temporary dwellings within the RUC base.

A UDR man was killed in Pomeroy, County Tyrone by an
IRA remote controlled bomb planted on a telegraph pole
and detonated as an Ulster Defense Regiment foor
patrol passed.

-------------------


February 29 -



1972 - A UDR man was shot and killed by the IRA in
Lurgan, Country Armagh.


1980 - Brendan McLaughlin, a 32 year old civilian, was
shot and killed by the UVF as McLaughlin was walking
along Clonard Street in the Lower Falls, Belfast. Sinn
Féin councillor Joe Austin was the intended target.


1988 - PIRA Volunteers Brendan Burns and Brendan
Moley, often referred to as the Two Brendans, were
killed when a bomb they were loading into a van
exploded prematurely in Creggan, near Crossmaglen,
County Armagh.
http://irelandsown.net/procession.htm
http://rebelchords.tripod.com/songs1969-present/TwoBrendans.htm

Quote    Reply   

#16 [url]

Feb 28 05 10:01 PM

Re: This Date in Irish History

Fitz wrote:
January 20th -

1973 - A car bomb exploded in Sackville Place, Dublin, killing one person and injuring 17 others. The person killed was Thomas Douglas (25). The car used in the bombing had been hijacked at Agnes Street, Belfast. No organisation claimed responsibility but the bomb was believed to have been planted by one of the Loyalist paramilitary organisations.
http://www.dublinmonaghanbombings.org/jan20.php




why was that day called the dublin and monagahan boming's?

because somthing happened in monaghan... i don't know the facts, what happened there?

Failte? - a welcome for the carrot.. and his gloves

Quote    Reply   

#17 [url]

Feb 28 05 10:06 PM

Re: This Date in Irish History

goodgod3rd wrote:
Fitz wrote:
January 20th -

1973 - A car bomb exploded in Sackville Place, Dublin, killing one person and injuring 17 others. The person killed was Thomas Douglas (25). The car used in the bombing had been hijacked at Agnes Street, Belfast. No organisation claimed responsibility but the bomb was believed to have been planted by one of the Loyalist paramilitary organisations.
http://www.dublinmonaghanbombings.org/jan20.php




why was that day called the dublin and monagahan boming's?

because somthing happened in monaghan... i don't know the facts, what happened there?


A bomb was detonated at the exact same time in Co.Monaghan.

For more info: www.dublinmonaghanbombings.org

"Our freedom must be had at all hazards.If the men of property will not help us they must fall;we will free ourselves by the aid of that large and respectable class of the community-the men of no property"-Theobald Wolfe Tone

Quote    Reply   

#18 [url]

Feb 28 05 10:30 PM

Re: This Date in Irish History

goodgod3rd wrote:
Fitz wrote:
January 20th -

1973 - A car bomb exploded in Sackville Place, Dublin, killing one person and injuring 17 others. The person killed was Thomas Douglas (25). The car used in the bombing had been hijacked at Agnes Street, Belfast. No organisation claimed responsibility but the bomb was believed to have been planted by one of the Loyalist paramilitary organisations.
http://www.dublinmonaghanbombings.org/jan20.php




why was that day called the dublin and monagahan boming's?

because somthing happened in monaghan... i don't know the facts, what happened there?


That day isn't called this. That is just the website address for a related article. The date of the simultaneous Dublin-Monaghan bombings is May 17, 1974. Four bombs were detonated in the two cities and 33 people were killed, including a pregnant woman (so 34?). About 258 other people were injured. Despite the frequent claim that Omagh is the deadliest day of "the Troubles", it is actually this day.


"Someone planted the bombs in Dublin and Monaghan in 1972-74 and for both general and specific purpose. The chosen candidates have always been the loyalist paramilitaries, even if some wistfully hoped the IRA might have been responsible, at least for the December 1972 explosions. And in the case of May 1974 the specific involvement of the mid-Ulster UVF can be taken as actual, though not a matter of law. Far more interesting has been the almost universal assumption of most actors and nearly all observers in Ireland that the British in some manner were involved, certainly in 1972 and almost certainly in 1974, whether directly or indirectly, by rogue elements in the field or through special groups operating independently of higher command. The very fact that neither the RUC nor the British army undertook serious investigation is an indicator that the possibility was quite real north of the border, within the security establishment as well as in the Republic." - J. Bowyer Bell, from In Dubious Battle: The Dublin and Monaghan Bombings 1972-1974. Dublin: Poolbeg Press Ltd. [pp.157-158]

Quote    Reply   

#19 [url]

Feb 28 05 10:34 PM

John Tierney has a book out that he adveritised in the Irish Times.He's not allowed sell it nation wide because of allegations he makes in it about certain people.if you ring him up,he'll post a copy out to you.

"Our freedom must be had at all hazards.If the men of property will not help us they must fall;we will free ourselves by the aid of that large and respectable class of the community-the men of no property"-Theobald Wolfe Tone

Quote    Reply   

#20 [url]

Mar 1 05 12:37 PM

1 March, 1981 - Bobby Sands Begins His Hunger Strike

Just going to mention one today...


"Greater Love Than This Hath No Man, Than that he Lay
Down His Life for his Friend". - Gospel According to
John, Chapter 15, Verse 13

On March 1st, 1981, Bobby Sands began what would be a
66 day Hunger Strike to the death in his fight for
Irish freedom and for Political Status from IPOWs.
Nine other IRA and INLA Volunteers were to follow
before the 1981 Hunger Strike ended.


http://marcella32.blogspot.com/2005_01_01_marcella32_archive.html

http://larkspirit.com/hungerstrikes/diary.html

http://larkspirit.com/hungerstrikes/5demands.html

http://www.mtholyoke.edu/~kcomroe/hsong.htm

http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/events/hstrike/beresford.htm

http://larkspirit.com/psn/

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